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Stoning: Legal or Practised in 16 Countries and Showing No Signs of Abating

April, 2014

This brief report was created by WLUML as a submission to the UN Secretary General for the 27th session of the Human Rights Council (HRC) on the question of the death penalty.

WLUML outline the latest developmentes in the practice of stoning around the world, with specific emphasis on stoning where it is practised as a death penalty (Iran and Somalia).  WLUML call for attention to stoning as a gendered human rights violation, and to the repressive and unstable legal and political contexts which form the background to stoning.  We ask the HRC to address stoning as part of its session on the death penalty, and to address all countries where stoning remains on the law books.

التجريم حسب النوع: النظر لقوانين الزنا باعتبارها عنفا ضد المرأة في البيئات الإسلامية

March, 2010
Ziba Mir Hosseini

English | Français |  Bahasa Indonesia |  فارسی 

In this discussion paper, I show how zina laws and the criminalization of consensual sexual activity can also be challenged from within Islamic legal tradition. Far from mutually opposed, approaches from Islamic studies, feminism and human rights perspectives can be mutually reinforcing, particularly in mounting an effective campaign against revived zina laws. By exploring the intersections between religion, culture and law that legitimate violence in the regulation of sexuality, the paper aims to contribute to the development of a contextual and integrated approach to the abolition of zina laws. In so doing, I hope to broaden the scope of the debate over concepts and strategies of the SKSW Campaign.

Memidanakan Seksualitas: Hukum Zina sebagai Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan dalam Konteks Islam

March, 2010
Ziba Mir Hosseini

Dalam tradisi hukum Islam, semua hubungan seksual di luar nikah yang sah dipandang sebagai suatu kejahatan. Kategori utama dari kejahatan ini adalah zina, yang didefinisikan sebagai hubungan seksual terlarang antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Pada akhir abad ke-20, kebangkitan Islam sebagai kekuatan politik dan spiritual memicu dihidupkannya kembali hukum zina dan pembuatan berbagai ketentuan atas pelanggaran-pelanggaran baru yang mempidanakan tindakan seksual konsensual dan memberikan wewenang bagi terjadinya kekerasan terhadap perempuan. Para aktivis telah berkampanye untuk menolak ketentuan tersebut atas dasar hak asasi manusia (HAM). Dalam makalah ini, saya menunjukkan bagaimana upaya menentang hukum zina dan kriminalisasi hubungan seksual konsensual dapat dilakukan dari dalam tradisi hukum Islam sendiri. Sebenarnya, pendekatan berdasar pemikiran Islam, feminisme dan HAM bisa saling menguatkan, terutama berkenaan dengan kampanye yang lebih efektif dalam merespon kebangkitan hukum zina. Dengan menelusuri kesalingterkaitan (intersection) antara agama, budaya dan hukum yang memberikan legitimasi pada penggunaan kekerasan dalam berbagai aturan tentang seksualitas, makalah ini bertujuan untuk memberi sumbangan pada pengembangan pendekatan kontekstual dan integratif untuk menghapus hukum zina. Melalui upaya ini, saya berharap bisa memperluas cakupan perdebatan terkait konsep dan strategi Kampanye SKSW.

Criminaliser la sexualité - Les lois relatives à la zina, une violence à l’égard des femmes dans les contextes musulmans

March, 2010
Ziba Mir Hosseini

La tradition juridique islamique traite tout rapport sexuel hors mariage comme un crime. La principale catégorie de crimes de ce type est la zina, qui s’entend de tout rapport sexuel illicite entre un homme et une femme. Á la fin du vingtième siècle, la résurgence de l’islam comme force politique et spirituelle a entraîné la réintroduction des lois relatives à la zina et la création de nouveaux délits qui criminalisent l’activité sexuelle consensuelle et autorisent la violence à l’égard des femmes. Des activistes militent contre ces nouvelles lois pour défendre les droits humains. Dans ce document de synthèse, je montre comment contester également les lois relatives à la zina et la criminalisation de l’activité sexuelle consensuelle, de l’intérieur de la tradition juridique islamique. Loin d’être mutuellement opposées, les approches du féminisme et des perspectives des droits humains qui découlent des études islamiques, peuvent se renforcer mutuellement, en particulier pour lancer une campagne effective contre la réintroduction des lois relatives à la zina. En explorant les intersections de la religion, de la culture et du droit qui légitiment la violence dans la réglementation de la sexualité, l’article vise à contribuer à l’élaboration d’une approche contextuelle et intégrée de l’abolition des lois relatives à la zina. J’espère, ce faisant, élargir le champ du débat sur les concepts et les stratégies de la campagne SKSW .

Papua New Guinea: VAW, Sorcery-Related Killings, and Forced Evictions

May, 2011

This submission was prepared for the Universal Periodic Review of Papua New Guinea (PNG) in May 2011. In this, Amnesty International expresses concern at PNG’s poor reporting record under human rights treaties to which it is a party, the absence of a national human rights institution, widespread discrimination and violence against women, which prevail in a culture of silence and patriarchal attitudes, as well as forced evictions and the failure to curb unlawful sorcery-related killings.

Enforcing Rights and Correcting Wrongs: Overcoming Gender Barriers in Legal Systems

December, 2011

The aims of this paper are two-fold: to uncover barriers to equality in legal systems that restrict human rights along gender lines – patent and latent; and to propose possible ways to redress legal discrimination for accelerating human development.

The focus of evidence is from countries of Asia-Pacific. However, given widespread gender-linked gaps in justice systems, and similarities of legal challenges posed, the paper is expected to be relevant also for other similarly placed countries.

Yemen's dark side: Discrimination against violence against women and girls

November, 2009


Women in Yemen face systemic dicsrimination and endemic violence, with devastating consequences for their lives. Their rights are routinely violated because Yemeni laws as well as tribal and customary practices treat them as second class citizens. 

Women are not free to marry who they want and some are forced to marry when they are children, sometimes as young as eight. Once married, a woman must obey her husband and obtain his permission just to leave the house.