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Religion, Culture and Tradition: No Excuse for Violence

March, 2015

All over the world, diverse groups use arguments based on anti-rights interpretations of religion, culture and tradition to justify violence and discrimination. This publication highlights agreements that affirm the universal and interconnected nature of human rights. It can be used by human rights advocates to challenge state and non-state actors attempting to block the development, progress and protection of laws at all levels.

 

Remembering: A Tribute to Fallen WHRDs

March, 2015

Despite significant breakthroughs in the past 20 years, violence against women and girls justified in the name of religion, customs, traditions – in short, culture - remains unabated. Women continue to be persecuted and killed for making choices in life that are perceived to defy social norms. The presentation was created as a tribute to these women, to honour them and their sacrifices. It reasserts the statement made by WLUML and the VNC campaign five years earlier at the 54th session of the CSW.

Solutions to End Child Marriage: Summary of the Evidence

November, 2013

A summary of the ICRW's review of 150 programs with a child marriage component, identifying five key strategies used to prevent or delay child marriages:

  • Empower girls with information, skills, and support networks
  • Educate and rally parents and community members
  • Enhance girls' access to high-quality education
  • Provide economic support and incentives to girls and their families
  • Encourage supportive laws and policies

Female Genital Mutliation/Cutting: A Statistical Overview and an Exploration of the Dynamics of Change

September, 2013

This report is a comprehensive statistical overview of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in the 29 countries where the practice is concentrated. Analysisof the data reflects current perspectives on FGM/C, informed by the latest policy, programmatic and theoretical evidence. The purpose of the report is to generate an in-depth understanding of FGM/C that can be applied to the development of policies and programmes, with the ultimate aim of eliminating the practice.


Marrying Too Young

December, 2012

This report is a clarion call to decision makers, parents, communities and to the world to end child marriage. It documents the current scope, prevalence and inequities associated with child marriage and highlights that by 2020, Some 142 million girls will be married by their 18th birthday if current trends continue.

November 2012 Report Of The Special Rapporteur In The Field Of Cultural Rights

November, 2012

The present report is submitted pursuant to Human Rights Council resolution 19/6 and focuses on the enjoyment of cultural rights by women on an equal basis with men.

 The Special Rapporteur proposes to shift the paradigm from one that views culture as an obstacle to women’s rights to one that seeks to ensure equal enjoyment of cultural rights; such an approach also constitutes an important tool for the realization of all their human rights.  

Visibility and Visuality: Reframing Gender in the Middle East, North Africa, and Their Diasporas

October, 2012

In conjunction with the Fertile Crescent: Gender, Art, and Society project initiated by the Rutgers Institute for Women and Art, Signs presents a special virtual issue addressing the complexity of women’s lives, livelihoods, and circumstances in North Africa, the Middle East, and their diasporas.

The Civic Origins of Progressive Policy Change: Combating Violence against Women in Global Perspective, 1975–2005

October, 2012

The American Political Science Review has recently published an article “The Civic Origins of Progressive Policy Change: Combating Violence against Women in Global Perspective, 1975–2005” which reveals  that “feminist movements is more important for change than the wealth of nations, left-wing political parties, or the number of women politicians”
 

Girls Not Brides: Traditions can change - Ending child marriage

October, 2012

“Change happens through protecting girls rights in law and practice, empowering them to take control of their own bodies and destinies, and even become leaders and change-makers themselves. Change happens through raising community awareness of the dangers of child marriage, and the benefits of stopping this practice. Imagine if we connect all those around the world who are working bravely to end child marriage. Imagine the change of scale possible.” - Mary Robinson,  the Elders

 

 

التجريم حسب النوع: النظر لقوانين الزنا باعتبارها عنفا ضد المرأة في البيئات الإسلامية

March, 2010
Ziba Mir Hosseini

English | Français |  Bahasa Indonesia |  فارسی 

In this discussion paper, I show how zina laws and the criminalization of consensual sexual activity can also be challenged from within Islamic legal tradition. Far from mutually opposed, approaches from Islamic studies, feminism and human rights perspectives can be mutually reinforcing, particularly in mounting an effective campaign against revived zina laws. By exploring the intersections between religion, culture and law that legitimate violence in the regulation of sexuality, the paper aims to contribute to the development of a contextual and integrated approach to the abolition of zina laws. In so doing, I hope to broaden the scope of the debate over concepts and strategies of the SKSW Campaign.

Memidanakan Seksualitas: Hukum Zina sebagai Kekerasan terhadap Perempuan dalam Konteks Islam

March, 2010
Ziba Mir Hosseini

Dalam tradisi hukum Islam, semua hubungan seksual di luar nikah yang sah dipandang sebagai suatu kejahatan. Kategori utama dari kejahatan ini adalah zina, yang didefinisikan sebagai hubungan seksual terlarang antara laki-laki dan perempuan. Pada akhir abad ke-20, kebangkitan Islam sebagai kekuatan politik dan spiritual memicu dihidupkannya kembali hukum zina dan pembuatan berbagai ketentuan atas pelanggaran-pelanggaran baru yang mempidanakan tindakan seksual konsensual dan memberikan wewenang bagi terjadinya kekerasan terhadap perempuan. Para aktivis telah berkampanye untuk menolak ketentuan tersebut atas dasar hak asasi manusia (HAM). Dalam makalah ini, saya menunjukkan bagaimana upaya menentang hukum zina dan kriminalisasi hubungan seksual konsensual dapat dilakukan dari dalam tradisi hukum Islam sendiri. Sebenarnya, pendekatan berdasar pemikiran Islam, feminisme dan HAM bisa saling menguatkan, terutama berkenaan dengan kampanye yang lebih efektif dalam merespon kebangkitan hukum zina. Dengan menelusuri kesalingterkaitan (intersection) antara agama, budaya dan hukum yang memberikan legitimasi pada penggunaan kekerasan dalam berbagai aturan tentang seksualitas, makalah ini bertujuan untuk memberi sumbangan pada pengembangan pendekatan kontekstual dan integratif untuk menghapus hukum zina. Melalui upaya ini, saya berharap bisa memperluas cakupan perdebatan terkait konsep dan strategi Kampanye SKSW.

Criminaliser la sexualité - Les lois relatives à la zina, une violence à l’égard des femmes dans les contextes musulmans

March, 2010
Ziba Mir Hosseini

La tradition juridique islamique traite tout rapport sexuel hors mariage comme un crime. La principale catégorie de crimes de ce type est la zina, qui s’entend de tout rapport sexuel illicite entre un homme et une femme. Á la fin du vingtième siècle, la résurgence de l’islam comme force politique et spirituelle a entraîné la réintroduction des lois relatives à la zina et la création de nouveaux délits qui criminalisent l’activité sexuelle consensuelle et autorisent la violence à l’égard des femmes. Des activistes militent contre ces nouvelles lois pour défendre les droits humains. Dans ce document de synthèse, je montre comment contester également les lois relatives à la zina et la criminalisation de l’activité sexuelle consensuelle, de l’intérieur de la tradition juridique islamique. Loin d’être mutuellement opposées, les approches du féminisme et des perspectives des droits humains qui découlent des études islamiques, peuvent se renforcer mutuellement, en particulier pour lancer une campagne effective contre la réintroduction des lois relatives à la zina. En explorant les intersections de la religion, de la culture et du droit qui légitiment la violence dans la réglementation de la sexualité, l’article vise à contribuer à l’élaboration d’une approche contextuelle et intégrée de l’abolition des lois relatives à la zina. J’espère, ce faisant, élargir le champ du débat sur les concepts et les stratégies de la campagne SKSW .

Critically absent: Women in internet governance. A policy advocacy toolkit.

April, 2012

Personal and social communication have changed substantially with the use of ICTs, social networks and text messages. ICTs create new scenarios, new ways for people to live and these reflect real-life problems. Issues of security, privacy, and surveillance are now part of the debate around ICT development. Women should assert their rights here too, with determination and without delay.

Violence Against Indigenous Women - UN Expert Meeting Review

March, 2012

From 18 to 20 January 2012, the United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII) held an International Expert Group Meeting at UN Headquarters entitled “Combating violence against indigenous women and girls: Article 22 of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” This conference applied a human rights framework to the issue of gender‐based violence faced by indigenous women, while contextualizing its global manifestations in the context of States’ responsibilities under international human rights law, as articulated in Article 22.2 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP): “States shall take measures, in conjunction with indigenous peoples, to ensure that indigenous women and children enjoy the full protection and guarantees against all forms of violence and discrimination.”

Stones Aimed at Us: An Overview of the Discourse and Strategies of the Stop Stoning Forever Campaign

March, 2010

There has never been a clear and uncontroversial definition of religious fundamentalism and there is no consensus as to whether religious fundamentalism is a phenomenon, a movement, or a process. Nevertheless, having been exposed to religious fundamentalism in its fullest meaning after the 1979 Islamic Revolution, Iranian women and an analysis of their experience might offer a proper definition. This resource provides an overview of the discourses around the issue of stoning in Iran, and the strategies of the Stop Stoning Forever Campaign.

Stoning in Muslim Contexts: A Mapping Report

March, 2012

Women Living Under Muslim Laws, the Violence is not our Culture Campaign, and Justice for Iran are pleased to announce the release of a new publication:  Mapping Stoning in Muslim Contexts. This report locates where the punishment of stoning is still in practice, either through judicial (codified as law) or extrajudicial (outside the law) methods.