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A Catalogue of International Human Rights Instruments for campaigners

Publication Date: 
June, 2010
Source: 
Edna Aquino


In addition to the Bill of Rights, there are nine core international human rights treaties. Each of these treaties has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its States parties. Some of the treaties are supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns.

Through ratification of international human rights treaties, Governments undertake to put into place domestic measures and legislation compatible with their treaty obligations and duties. Where domestic legal proceedings fail to address human rights abuses, mechanisms and procedures for individual complaints or communications are available at the regional and international levels to help ensure that international human rights standards are indeed respected, implemented, and enforced at the local level.

Treaty bodies are committees of independent experts that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties .They are created in accordance with the provisions of the treaty that they monitor. OHCHR assists treaty bodies in harmonizing their working methods and reporting requirements through their secretariats.

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